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Tuesday, 21 June 2016

Timeline History of Rwanda From 1800 to 1962

Mulamba Jean Paul
From the first contact with Europeans in Rwanda to Rwanda's Independence:
Twa women with traditional pottery.

  • 1860: John Speke in his writings mentions the existence of Rwanda that he could see the shore Tanzanian Kagera.
  • 1863: In his book "Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile", the same John Speke, after a brief stint in Burundi makes his theory about Batutsi: this would be "Hamitic-Semite" from Ethiopia. (This theory has a hard life)
  • 1876: Henry Morton Stanley bypasses Rwanda from the north, but is not able to enter. It describes the Rwandans as a people of warriors resisting attempts by Arab and Swahili slave.
  • 1884/1885: At the Berlin conference, the region including Tanganyika, Rwanda and Burundi was awarded to Germany.

  • 1892: Dr Oscar Baumann, Ph.D. and Austrian geographer, is the first European to enter Rwanda. He stayed there from September 11 to 15.
  • 1894: A German officer, Count Von Götzen, crosses the east-west Rwanda at the head of a column of 620 soldiers and askaris. He meets the Mwami Kigeri IV Rwabugiri May 29 to Kageyo (current prefecture of Gisenyi).
  • 1895: IV Kigeri Rwabugiri died in November. He is succeeded by his son who took the name Rutarindwa dynastic Mibambwe Rutarindwa IV.
  • 1896: Coup of Rucunshu: Musinga Mwami's half-brother and the Queen Mother Kanjogera Rutarindwa are murdered and other nobles. Musinga is named Yuhi V Musinga. It also decides to "trust" the external relations of the kingdom to the German Empire which recognizes the de facto protectorate.
  • 1900: The White Fathers of Cardinal Lavigerie settle in Rwanda under the leadership of Bishop Hirth. On 4 February, the Mission of Save is created.
  • 1907: The Germans settled in Rwanda. They open a military command in Kigali they have chosen as the "capital".
  • 1911: Ratification in Brussels on July 27 of the Convention signed between Germany and Belgium May 14, 1910, fixing the borders "final" between the Belgian Congo and Rwanda.
  • 1912: The Germans Yuhi V Musinga help to conquer the north.
  • 1916: War of 1914-1918: the Allies fighting Germany in East Africa. Belgians drove the Germans out of Rwanda and occupied the country.

  • 1922: Appointed first Bishop of Rwanda in the person of Bishop class.
  • 1924: Belgium formally accepts the mandate of the Trusteeship "Ruanda-Urundi" entrusted by the League of Nations (LN) following the participation of Belgium to victory against Germany.
  • 1926: The mandate of the League in Belgium provides a "mission of civilization based on a system of indirect rule."
  • 1931: November 12, Belgium dismisses Yuhi V Musinga "selfishness and lust" among others. On 14 November, the fallen leaves mwami Nyanza. November 16, his son Charles was inducted Rudahigwa Mwami of Rwanda under the dynastic name Mutara III Rudahigwa, name chosen by Bishop class.
  • 1933: Marriage of Mutara III Rudahigwa October 15 with Nyiromakomali.
  • 1935: Mutara III Rudahigwa offers the Catholic church land situated in Nyanza property from his father. This land will become "the Church and the mission of Nyanza.
  • 1941/1945: While World War II raging in Europe, Rwanda suffered a terrible famine caused by drought from 1941 to 1945 and cost 300,000 lives in Rwanda (which account at that time 2,000,000 inhabitants). Following the famine, new cultures are emerging in Rwanda: sweet potato, bean, pea and potatoes.
  • 1942: Second marriage Mutara III Rudahigwa January 13 Gicanda with Rosalie.
  • Highlights of the history of Rwanda to the independence of Rwanda
  • 1944: Musinga, exiled by Belgium in Moba (Belgian Congo), dies January 13.
  • 1945: Disappearance of Bishop Class in Bujumbura on January 31 following a compound fracture of the femoral neck and pelvis.
  • 1946: Rwanda is enshrined in the Mwami "Christ the King" at a ceremony Oct. 27 in Nyanza.
  • The Rwanda spends defunct League of Nations mandate to the tutelage of the United Nations (UN).
  • 1949: Travel triumphant Mutara III Rudahigwa in Belgium at the end of the year.
  • 1954: Mutara III Rudahigwa decreed the abolition of feudalism on April 1.
  • 1955: The Belgian King, Baudouin first visit to Rwanda.
  • 1956: Archbishop Perraudin was appointed bishop of Rwanda.
  • 1957: On March 24, publication of the "Hutu Manifesto" in which the Catholic Church and the Belgian rule is not implicated.
  • 1959: The letter published in Lent February 11 by Bishop Perraudin and read in many churches attacked violently policy Mwami.
  • July 25 Mutara III Rudahigwa dies under mysterious circumstances Bujumbura: therapeutic accident or murder?
King mutara with the white missionaries

  • July 28, Mwami deceased's funeral held in Nyanza. The same day, the leading monarchist F. Rukeba, A. Kayumba, M. and M. Rwagasana Kayihura gaining speed the Belgian authorities and designate one of the halves of Rudahigwa brothers, Jean-Baptiste Ndahindurwa, as his successor under the dynastic name of Kigeri V Ndahindurwa.
  • Takes place in November "Toussaint Rwandan" tens of thousands of Tutsi were driven from their hills, and had to go into exiled, they moved to Zaire, Burundi and Uganda. This is the beginning of the "social revolution" of the Hutu.
  • 1960: Municipal elections organized by the colonial authorities from 26 June to 30 July. They give a landslide victory in PARMEHUTU party Kayibanda.
  • 1961: In elections on Sept. 25 in Rwanda, PARMEHUTU totals 78% of the vote and 17% UNAR.
  • 1962: On July 1, the independence of Rwanda is given by Belgium. The republic is proclaimed and Kayibanda became the first President of the Republic of Rwanda

Mulamba Jean Paul / Author & Editor

Has laoreet percipitur ad. Vide interesset in mei, no his legimus verterem. Et nostrum imperdiet appellantur usu, mnesarchum referrentur id vim.


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